Vocabulary based on The Hindu Articles of August 2018

Vocabulary based on The Hindu Articles of August 2018

The Hindu Vocabulary 06 Aug 2018

  1. Lacuna: an unfilled space or interval; a gap.
  2. Perceived:become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand.
  3. Paradigm: without a clearly defined shape or form.
  4. Fostered: encourage or promote the development of (something, typically something regarded as good).
  5. Consequence: a result or effect of an action or condition.
  6. Detention: the action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody, especially as a political prisoner.
  7. Conscience:an inner feeling or voice viewed as acting as a guide to the rightness or wrongness of one’s behavior.
  8. Cynicism: an inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; skepticism.
  9. Endorsement: an act of giving one’s public approval or support to someone or something.
  10. /infiltrators:spy, secret agent, undercover agent, operative, informant, informer, mole, plant, spook, intruder, interloper, subversive

 

The Hindu Vocab 07 Aug 2018

  1. Disregard: the action or state of disregarding or ignoring something. .
  2. Prone: likely to or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something, typically something regrettable or unwelcome.
  3. Scathing: witheringly scornful; severely critical(adj); harm; injure(v).
  4. Connivance: willingness to secretly allow or be involved in wrongdoing, especially an immoral or illegal act.
  5. Assessing: evaluate or estimate the nature, ability, or quality of.
  6. Grimmer: forbidding or uninviting.
  7. Evade: escape or avoid, especially by cleverness or trickery.
  8. Reinforces: strengthen or support, especially with additional personnel or material.
  9. Silos: a tower or pit on a farm used to store grain.
  10. Ethnic:of or relating to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a common national or cultural tradition.

 

The Hindu Vocab 08 Aug 2018

  1. legislator: a person who makes laws; a member of a legislative body.
  2. excelled: be exceptionally good at or proficient in an activity or subject.
  3. acumen: the ability to make good judgments and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain.
  4. welfarism: the principles or policies associated with a welfare state.
  5. crusader: a fighter in the medieval Crusades.
  6. indulging: allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
  7. uncanny:strange or mysterious, especially in an unsettling way.
  8. succumb: fail to resist (pressure, temptation, or some other negative force).
  9. travails: painful or laborious effort.
  10. cusp:a pointed end where two curves meet, in particular.

 

The Hindu Vocab 09 Aug 2018

  1. Juncture: समय – a particular point in events or time.
  2. Heralds: अग्र-दूत – an official messenger bringing news.
  3. Hegemonic: प्रधानता वाली – ruling or dominant in a political or social context.
  4. Ascendancy: प्रभुत्व – occupation of a position of dominant power or influence.
  5. Juggernaut: रथ – a huge, powerful, and overwhelming force or institution.
  6. Clamouring: पुकार मचाते – (of a group of people) shout loudly and insistently.
  7. Hegemony: नायकत्व – leadership or dominance, especially by one country or social group over others.
  8. Foray: धावा – a sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, especially to obtain something; a raid.
  9. Discretionary: विवेकाधीन – available for use at the discretion of the user.
  10. Rot: दुर्गन्ध – the process of decaying.
  11. Ethos: प्रकृति – the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its beliefs and aspirations.

 

The Hindu Vocab 11 Aug 2018

  1. Stooping: उम्र के कारण झुकना – bend one’s head or body forward and downward.
  2. conquer: जीतना – overcome and take control of (a place or people) by use of military force.
  3. ploy: चाल – a cunning plan or action designed to turn a situation to one’s own advantage. .
  4. prestige: प्रतिष्ठा – widespread respect and admiration felt for someone or something on the basis of a perception of their achievements or quality.
  5. estrange: पराया – (of a person) no longer close or affectionate to someone; alienated.
  6. strides: प्रगति – a long, decisive step.
  7. retrospect: बीती बातों की जांच – a survey or review of a past course of events or period of time.

 

The Hindu Vocab 13 Aug 2018

  1. Rigorous: कठिन – extremely thorough, exhaustive, or accurate.
  2. Pragmatic: व्यावहारिक – dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.
  3. Fiefdoms: जागीर – a fief
  4. Frittered: बेकार – waste time, money, or energy on trifling matters.
  5. Intervention: हस्तक्षेप – the action or process of intervening.
  6. Immensely: बेहद -to a great extent; extremely.
  7. Defied: ललकारा – openly resist or refuse to obey.
  8. Nudged: धकेल दिया था -prod (someone) gently, typically with one’s elbow, in order to draw their attention to something.
  9. Endeavour: प्रयास -an attempt to achieve a goal.

 

The Hindu Vocab 14 Aug 2018

  1. Catastrophic: आपत्तिजनक – involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering; extremely unfortunate or unsuccessful.
  2. grim: विकट – forbidding or uninviting.
  3. reservoirs: जलाशयों -a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply.
  4. respite: मोहलत – a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.
  5. deluge: बाढ़ – a severe flood.
  6. resilience: लचीलाता -the ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity.
  7. cautiously: सावधानी से – carefully
  8. combustible: दहनशील -able to catch fire and burn easily.
  9. noxious: हानिकारक -harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant
  10. grappling : जूझ – a small anchor; a grapnel.

The Hindu Vocab 16 Aug 2018

  1. Booming: तेजी से बढ़ता – having a period of great prosperity or rapid economic growth.
  2. Tantamount: समान – equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as.
  3. Shenanigans: धोखाधड़ी – secret or dishonest activity or maneuvering.
  4. Curb: नियंत्रण – a stone or concrete edging to a street or path.
  5. Swifter: तेज – happening quickly or promptly.
  6. Manifestations: अभिव्यक्तियों -an event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something, especially a theory or an abstract idea.
  7. Nuances: बारीकियों – a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
  8. Deterrent: निवारक able or intended to deter.
  9. Critique: आलोचना -a detailed analysis and assessment of something, especially a literary, philosophical, or political theory.
  10. Extern : निर्वासन – a person working in but not living in an institution, such as a nonresident doctor or other worker in a hospital.

 

The Hindu Vocab 17 Aug 2018

  1. contrarian: विपरीत – a person who opposes or rejects popular opinion, especially in stock exchange dealing.
  2. shrewd: चालाक – having or showing sharp powers of judgment; astute.
  3. acerbic: एसिड – (especially of a comment or style of speaking) sharp and forthright.
  4. mend: सुधार – a repair in a material.
  5. mere: मात्र – that is solely or no more or better than what is specified.
  6. stint: कार्यकाल – a person’s fixed or allotted period of work.
  7. indecisive: दुविधा में पड़ा हुआ – not settling an issue.
  8. overhaul: पूरी जाँच करके मरम्मत करना – a thorough examination of machinery or a system, with repairs or changes made if necessary.
  9. infidelity: बेवफ़ाई – the action or state of being unfaithful to a spouse or other sexual partner.
  10. niggling: तुच्छ – cause slight but persistent annoyance, discomfort, or anxiety.

The Hindu Vocab 20 August 2018

    1. Apace: झटपट – swiftly; quickly.
    2. Springboard: फ़ौजों की चौकी – a strong, flexible board from which someone can jump in order to gain added impetus when performing a dive or a gymnastic movement.

 

  1. Vicious: शातिर – deliberately cruel or violent.
  2. Stagnation.: स्थिरता – stability.
  3. Pedanticism: रूढ़िवादी – holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation, typically in relation to politics or religion..
  4. Vulnerable: चपेट में – susceptible to physical or emotional attack or harm.
  5. Helmed: शासन – a tiller or wheel and any associated equipment for steering a ship or boat.
  6. Peers: सहकर्मी -a person of the same age, status, or ability as another specified person.
  7. Patronage: संरक्षण – the support given by a patron.
  8. Amenities: आराम – a desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.
  9. Nuances: बारीकियों – a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
  10. Dwellers: निवासी – reside someone at a place.

The Hindu Vocab 23 August 2018

  1. Retrograde: पतित – directed or moving backward..
  2. sacrilege: अपवित्रीकरण – violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred.
  3. flurry: घबराहट – a small swirling mass of something, especially snow or leaves, moved by sudden gusts of wind.
  4. pander: बढ़ावा देना – a pimp.
  5. escalation: वृद्धि – a rapid increase; a rise.
  6. perpetrated: बढ़ावा – carry out or commit (a harmful, illegal, or immoral action).
  7. blasphemy: ईश – निंदा – the act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk.
  8. miscreants: शरारती तत्वों – a person who behaves badly or in a way that breaks the law.
  9. vague: अस्पष्ट – of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning.
  10. vexatious: अफ़सोसनाक – causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.

The Hindu Vocab 25 August 2018

  1. catastrophic: आपत्तिजनक – involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
  2. fragile: नाज़ुक – (of an object) easily broken or damaged.
  3. havoc: नाश; तबाही – widespread destruction.
  4. arguably: यकीनन – it may be argued (used to qualify the statement of an opinion or belief).
  5. contentious: विवादास्पद – causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.
  6. apex: सर्वोच्च – the top or highest part of something, especially one forming a point.
  7. deficits: घाटे – the amount by which something, especially a sum of money, is too small.
  8. moratorium: रोक – a temporary prohibition of an activity.
  9. resonance: गूंज – the quality in a sound of being deep, full, and reverberating.
  10. vexatious: अफ़सोसनाक – causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.

The Hindu Vocab 27 Aug 2018

  1. Conundrum: पहेली – a confusing and difficult problem or question.
  2. Arguably: यकीनन – it may be argued (used to qualify the statement of an opinion or belief).
  3. Consensus: आम सहमति – general agreement.
  4. Enact: क़ानून बनाना – make (a bill or other proposal) law.
  5. Tumble: गिरना – a sudden or headlong fall.
  6. Sober: शांत – in peace; stable.
  7. Appraisal: मूल्यांकन – an act of assessing something or someone.
  8. Lofty: बुलंद – of imposing height.
  9. Heft: वज़न – the weight of someone or something.
  10. Echelons: नेताओं – a level or rank in an organization, a profession, or society.
  11. Restraining: निरोधक – prevent (someone or something) from doing something; keep under control or within limits.

The Hindu Vocab 28 Aug 2018

  1. Exert: खींचना – apply or bring to bear (a force, influence, or quality).
  2. Delineating: वर्णन – describe or portray (something) precisely.
  3. Demarcation: सरहदबंदी – the action of fixing the boundary or limits of something.
  4. Norm: आदर्श – something that is usual, typical, or standard.
  5. Competed: प्रतियोगिता – strive to gain or win something by defeating or establishing superiority over others who are trying to do the same.
  6. Patronage: संरक्षण – the support given by a patron.
  7. Influence: प्रभाव – the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself.
  8. Assert: जोर – state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully.
  9. Cartel: उत्पादक संघ – an association of manufacturers or suppliers with the purpose of maintaining prices at a high level and restricting competition.

The Hindu Vocab 31 Aug 2018

  1. Fiasco: असफलता – a thing that is a complete failure, especially in a ludicrous or humiliating way.
  2. Sheer: निरा;महीन – nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis).
  3. Amnesty: आम माफ़ी – an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offenses.
  4. Despite: के बावजूद – outrage; injury.
  5. Portraying: चित्रित – depict (someone or something) in a work of art or literature.
  6. Harsh: कठोर – unpleasantly rough or jarring to the senses.
  7. Informal: अनौपचारिक -having a relaxed, friendly, or unofficial style, manner, or nature.
  8. Flaws: खामियों – a mark, fault, or other imperfection that mars a substance or object.
  9. Heeded मान ली – pay attention to; take notice of.

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