Daily Dose of Vocabulary (7th August, 2018)
1. Crescendo (noun): The highest part or point. (चरम सीमा)
Synonyms: Acme, Apex, Apogee, Zenith, Summit, Pinnacle
Antonyms: Bottom, Nadir, Abyss, Base
Example: The excitement reached its crescendo when he took the stage
2. Exigency (noun): That which is required in a particular situation. (ज़रूरत, अत्यावश्यकता)
Synonyms: Necessity, Urgency, Demand, Need, Requisite
Antonyms: Unimportance, Insignificance, Nonessential, Trivial
Example: Keeping money in a savings account is a financial exigency that will serve you well if you ever lose your job.
3. Chasm (noun): A deep opening in the earth’s surface or a large difference between two opinions or groups of people: (दरार, गहरा मतभेद)
Synonyms: Gulf, Gap, Rift, Fissure, Split, Schism
Antonyms: Juncture, Closure, Joint, Connection
Example: There is still a vast economic chasm between developed and developing countries.
4. Cauldron (noun): A state or situation of great distress or unrest felt to resemble a boiling kettle or vat. (विवादित स्थिति)
Synonyms: Crisis, Problem, Danger, Issue, Trouble
Example: The Western banking system sank into a bubbling cauldron of toxic mortgages.
5. Stall (verb): Stop or cause to stop making progress. (ठप, प्रगति को रोकना)
Synonyms: Halt, Stop, Static, Motionless, Standstill, Pause
Antonyms: Advance, Continue, Proceed, Progress, Propel
Example: Japan’s economic growth has stalled, with industrial production contracting in June for the fourth straight month.
Related: Stalled, Stalled
6. Matrimonial (adjective): Relating to marriage or married people. (वैवाहिक, दांपत्य)
Synonyms: Marital, Conjugal, Connubial, Hymeneal, Nuptial
Antonyms: Divorce, Non-Marital, Single
Example: I start drafting the advertisement that has to be inserted in the matrimonial column of the Sunday newspaper.
7. Verbatim (adverb): Using exactly the same words as were originally used: (शब्द प्रति शब्द)
Synonyms: Word for word, Literally, Exactly, precisely
Antonyms: Different, Imprecise, Approximate
Example: She had an amazing memory and could recall verbatim quite complex conversations.
8. Inherent (adjective): Existing as a natural or basic part of something. (पैदायशी, स्वाभाविक, अन्तर्जात)
Synonyms: Intrinsic, Innate, Inborn, Ingrained, Immanent
Antonyms: Extrinsic, Acquired, Extraneous, Superficial
Example: Even as a youngster, Janice showed she had an inherent talent to be a great singer.
9. Sympathise (verb): To understand and care about someone’s problems. (सहानुभूति जताना, हमदर्दी जताना)
Synonyms: Commiserate, Empathise, Pity, Compassionate, Condole
Antonyms: Disregard, Ignore, Neglect, Overlook, Scorn
Example: I know what it’s like to have migraines, so I really sympathize with you.
Related: Sympathized, Sympathized
10. Rife (adjective): Of common occurrence; widespread. (फैला हुआ, प्रचलित, व्याप्त)
Synonyms: General, Common, Universal, Ubiquitous, Global, Omnipresent
Antonyms: Scarce, Unknown, Uncommon, Limited, Exhausted
Example: Food and water are running out and disease is rife.